representative assembly in which all parties and sections
of parties and all diversities of opinions are represented
proportionally, will be much easier to deal with, than an
assembly in which the particular differences of opinion
upon which the division into two parties is founded, are
represented to an exaggerated degree..."
Rein Taagepera and Matthew Soberg Shugart, Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989.
Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg, editors, Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: The Best of Both Worlds? Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Includes the following chapters by Shugart:
- Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg, “Mixed-Member Electoral Systems: A Definition and Typology”
- Matthew Soberg Shugart, “’Extreme’ Electoral Systems and the Appeal of the Mixed-Member Alternative”
- Matthew Soberg Shugart and Martin P. Wattenberg, “Are Mixed-Member Systems the Best of Both Worlds?”
Chapters in other volumes
Matthew Soberg Shugart, "Inherent and Contingent Factors in Reform Initiation in Plurality Systems," in To Keep or Change First Past the Post, ed. By Andre Blais. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Andre Blais and Matthew Soberg Shugart, "To Keep or Change First Past the Post: Conclusion," in To Keep or Change First Past the Post, ed. By Andre Blais. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Matthew Soberg Shugart, Erika Moreno and Luis E. Fajardo, "Deepening Democracy through Renovating Political Practices: The Struggle for Electoral Reform in Colombia," in Christopher Welna and Gustavo Gallon, eds., Peace, Democracy, and Human Rights in Colombia. Notre Dame: Notre Dame University Press, 2006. In press.
Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Comparative Electoral Systems Research: The Maturation of a Field and New Challenges Ahead,” in The Politics of Electoral Systems, ed. By Michael Gallagher and Paul Mitchell. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.
Rule, Wilma and Matthew Shugart. "The Preference Vote and Election of Women: Women Win More Votes in Open List PR." In Voting and Democracy Report 1995 (Washington, D.C.: The Center for Voting and Democracy, 1995), pp. 177-178.
Monica Pachon and Matthew S. Shugart, "Electoral reform and the mirror image of inter-party and intra-party competition: The adoption of party lists in Colombia," Electoral Studies (2010, in press).
Matthew Soberg Shugart, Melody Ellis Valdini, and Kati Suominen, “Looking for Locals: Voter Information Demands and Personal Vote-Earning Attributes of Legislators under Proportional Representation.” American Journal of Political Science 29, 2 (April, 2005): 437–449, in press.
Matthew Soberg Shugart, “The American Process of Selecting a President: A Comparative Perspective.” Presidential Studies Quarterly 34, 3 (September, 2004): 632–55.
Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Electoral Efficiency and the Move to Mixed-Member Systems.” Electoral Studies 20, 2 (June, 2001): 173-193.
Gary W. Cox and Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Strategic Voting Under Proportional Representation,” Journal of Law Economics and Organization 12, 2 (October, 1996): 299-324.
John M. Carey and Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Incentives to Cultivate a Personal Vote: A Rank Ordering of Electoral Formulas.” Electoral Studies 14, 4 (December, 1995): 417–39.
Gary W. Cox and Matthew Soberg Shugart, “In the Absence of Vote Pooling: Nomination and Allocation Errors in Colombia.” Electoral Studies 14, 4 (December, 1995): 441–60.
Matthew Soberg Shugart, “The Electoral Cycle and Institutional Sources of Divided Presidential Government,” American Political Science Review 89, 2 (June 1995): 327–43.
Matthew Soberg Shugart and Rein Taagepera, “Majority Versus Plurality Election of Presidents: A Proposal for a 'Double Complement Rule'.” Comparative Political Studies 27 3 (October, 1994): 323-48.
Rein Taagepera and Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Predicting the Number of Parties: A Quantitative Model of Duverger’s Mechanical Effect.” American Political Science Review 87, 2 (June, 1993): 455–64.
Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Leaders, Rank and File, and Constituents: Electoral Reform in Colombia and Venezuela,” Electoral Studies 11, 1 (1992): 21–45.
Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Electoral Reform in Systems of Proportional Representation,” European Journal of Political Research 21 (1992): 207–24.
Gary W. Cox and Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Comment on Gallagher’s 'Proportionality, Disproportionality and Electoral Systems'.“ Electoral Studies 10, 4 (1991): 348–52.
Rein Taagepera and Matthew Soberg Shugart, “Designing Electoral Systems.” Electoral Studies 8:1 (1989):49–58.
Matthew F. Shugart, “The Two Effects of District Magnitude: Venezuela as a CrucialExperiment,” European Journal of Political Research 13 (1985):353–64.